Peter.D.Riley

International bestselling award-winning author Facebook Twitter

Taking science education across the world

Our future depends on exploring all the frontiers of science, on innovative technologies based on these explorations and on the development of scientific literacy in all peoples through science education.

A Visit to Ingleborough Caves

Within four days of flying at 35 000 feet at 500 mph from Rome to London (see previous blog) I was half a kilometre inside a mountain called Ingleborough in the Yorkshire Dales

The cave is well lit and has a good path which makes it easy to explore.

Ingleborough is made from limestone and for over a hundred thousand years the water passing down through the rock has created the cave and many features such as stalactites and stalagmites which “grow” down from the ceiling and up from the cave floor respectively.

In places stalactites and stalagmites have joined together to form columns.

Water flows through the cave and makes a stream. As it flows over some rocks it forms structures known as flowstones.

The Rippling Cascade Flowstone

The Mushroom Bed Flowstone

I was not alone in my journey but in the company of some of the younger members of the family who also thoroughly enjoyed their time underground.

The troglodytes relax after their journey into the mountain.

You may like to compare this cave with the Postojna Cave in Slovenia in our Natural World photo gallery which Tez visited some time ago.

In this link you can also see how to “grow” your own stalactites and stalagmites by reading pages 10 and 11 in The Real Scientist: Stuff : Materials and how they change.

In the same book on page 9 there is an activity which shows you how to make your own caves, potholes and gorges in a mountain made of sugar lumps!

Here are some children investigating how sugar lump mountains erode by putting tea spoons of water (rain) on them.



If you liked this, you might like to receive my newsletter where I keep parents and teachers like yourself informed about...

  • Fun and exciting lesson plans you can download freely from my site.
  • Videos, presentations and other classroom materials to compliment my books.
  • Teaching-related articles on my site with tips and ideas useful to you.

You'll receive no more than one or two emails per month and your address will never be sold or passed on to anyone else. You can unsubscribe at any time by simply clicking the unsubscribe link in the email. My mailing list is securely managed using mailchimp.com.

My Books

Follow the links below to find out more about my books and book series, as well as downloadable resources for teachers and parents using my books.

Books for Primary Schools
Books for Secondary Schools

Books and Resources for Teachers

Contact Me

I can be contacted in the following ways. If you have a picture for the Natural World Photo Gallery or the Science Exhibition Gallery, please send it by email.